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ammonia leaching of copper

ammonia leaching in the copper industry: a review Ekmekyapar, A, Oya, R and Kunkul, A, 200 3. Dissolution kinetics of an oxidized copper ore in ammonium chloride

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In ammonia leaching of oxidized copper ores, as the dissolution reactions happen at mildly acidic or basic conditions, some metal impurities, which pass into the solution during the dissolution of ore, precipitate because of the high pH of the solution. Besides, ammonia forms stable complexes with copper ions, and this can lead to an increase ...

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The use of ammonia as a leaching agent in the recovery of copper from ores and concentrates has a number of potential benefits. These include the ability to treat ores with an acid consuming gangue, non-corrosivity, the insolubility of iron in the solution and increased selectivity. This paper reviews the previous and current use of...

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Jul 14, 2015· These results suggest that approximately 88 pct of the total copper of slag could be extracted by ammonia sulfide leaching. Leaching tests were carried out and the effects of various parameters, namely pH, ammonia concentration, temperature, presence of oxygen, stirring speed, and pulp density were examined on copper leaching.

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Aug 21, 1979· By this step of leaching copper values with aqueous ammonium carbonate at elevated temperatures in the presence of an oxygen-containing gas, an aqueous leach liquor is obtained containing ammonia complexes of copper carbonate, principally Cu(NH 3) 4 CO 3, and ammonia complexes of copper sulfate, principally Cu(NH 3) 4 SO 4.

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Acid regeneration can also be a problem for ammonia leach systems for obvious reasons. ... This was the traditional route to cathode copper for high copper solutions from vat leaching and roast ...

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reported the selective leaching of copper from motor scraps using cupric ammine solutions.1,2) Zhou et al. studied the removal of copper from ferrous scrap by an ammonia leaching method.3,4) In these studies, Cu(I) ions were obtained under an air or oxygen atmosphere as the reaction product, and then metallic copper would be electrowon from

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studied. The ammoniacal thiosulphate leaching of gold is dependant on both ammonia and thiosulphate concentration. The leaching is improved significantly at a particular ratio of ammonia to thiosulphate concentration and that ratio varies from ore to ore. Copper ions act as an oxidant and the gold dissolution

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the best leaching efficiency for copper, in their feasibility of copper leaching from an industrial sludge using ammonia solution. This present work will develop the effect of nitric acid/ammonia ratio on the leaching of rich - cobalt copper oxidised ore. It will also evaluate the effect of key parameters (time, ammonia concentration, and pH ...

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studied. The ammoniacal thiosulphate leaching of gold is dependant on both ammonia and thiosulphate concentration. The leaching is improved significantly at a particular ratio of ammonia to thiosulphate concentration and that ratio varies from ore to ore. Copper ions act as …

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Mar 26, 2008· Eh-pH diagrams of various metal-ammonia-water systems are presented. Also presented is a comprehensive literature survey on the leaching behavior of metals in ammoniacal solutions. The metals considered in this paper are copper, cobalt, nickel, zinc, cadmium, silver, gold and palladium.

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Nov 06, 2012· In-situ leaching (ISL), also called in-situ recovery (ISR) or solution mining, is a mining process used to recover minerals such as copper and uranium through … ammonia leaching of copper – Grinding Mill China. Ammonia leaching – Phelps Dodge Corporation Aug 21, 1979 · An improved process for obtaining copper from a copper sulfide, in ...

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Expansion has been steady since then. In 1994, an ammonia leach plant to produce copper cathode from a portion of the concentrates was started up in Coloso, but was not economic and closed down four years later. In 1998, the oxide ore leaching plant was started up, which now has a capacity of 150,000 tonnes of copper cathode annually.

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Thiosulfate-copper-ammonia leaching of pure gold and pressure oxidized concentrate 1081 Δ𝑓=−𝐶𝑓 Δ𝑚, (1) where C f is the sensitivity factor for the crystal used (56.6 Hz cm

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Copper–ammonia catalyzed thiosulfate leaching of silver sulfide is by substitution of cupric or cuprous for silver. • The cupric reaction is favored over cuprous reaction due to a thermodynamic barrier, even though Cu 2 S and Ag 2 S have similar structures.. Copper–ammonia leaching with low copper concentrations (1 mM) leaches silver most rapidly for stable cupric–ammonia complexes ...

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Ammonia leaching of sulfide copper concentrates generate buffer type liquors (pH ranges from 9 to 10), because of the excess of ammonia and significant amount of ammonia sulfate as a leaching agent. Metals such as Cu, Ni, Co and Zn occur in ammonia systems as a cationic amminacomplexes. Alkalinity of the solution and free

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Iron and aluminum are removed from the leach solution by the addition of lime, and copper is electrowon on copper cathodes. A part of the spent electrolyte enters the cobalt recovery circuit and is purified by the removal of iron, copper, nickel, and zinc prior to the precipitation of cobalt as its hydroxide.

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Ammonia and ammonium salts have been recognized as effective leaching agents in hydrometallurgical processes due to low toxicity and cost, easy recovery and high selective recovery of metals.

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leach solution retains its initial pre-leaching properties, making it fully recyclable. The recyclable nature of the lixiviant thus reduces lixiviant costs. Furthermore, an advantage of leaching in ammonia is lower equipment costs because ammonia is less corrosive than acid.

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Ammonia leaching is also selective in that it will not dissolve all available nonspecific metals, such as iron and manganese, along with the copper or cobalt, as sulphuric acid does. Ammonia leaching can be used in non-oxidative, oxidative and reductive leaching [16]. The ammonia leaching process is more environment friendly than

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Rotating disc studies on pure gold and copper are reported which show that the Cu(CN)32- species leach gold at about half the rate of CN but leach copper at the same rate. The presence of ammonia retards the leaching rate further. Mixtures of Cu(CN)a3- and NH3 effectively leach gold from Telfer tailing without leaching copper.

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The leaching of copper using thiosulfate reagent as an alternative reagent to cyanide has been investigated . ... Hence, limiting the presence of oxygen and ammonia in the leach solution would be worthy to investigate the adsorption of copper complexes on …

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by neutralizing the acid leach liquor or by leaching oxide copper with ammonia, but neither solution was economical. a molecule that extracted copper well from typical dump leach liquors (pH ~1.8) had to be built. The reagent LIX 64, containing the ketoxime LIX Copper recovery using leach/solvent extraction/electrowinning technology:

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that the extraction of copper was halved by the use of ammonia, thus leading to significant reductions in the amount of cyanide consumed in the full-scale leaching system. KEYWORDS Gold-copper ore treatment. Gedabek mine, Azerbaijan. Resin-in-pulp process for gold extraction. Ammonia assisted cyanide leaching. Plant-scale results. 1.

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Dec 10, 2013· Ammonia and ammonium salts have been recognized as effective leaching agents in hydrometallurgical processes due to low toxicity and cost, easy recovery and high selective recovery of metals. New research findings on considerable advantages of leaching by these agents and elimination of problems associated with acid leaching have resulted in a ...

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An improved process for obtaining copper from a copper sulfide, in which: the copper sulfide is treated with oxygen and an aqueous leaching solution of ammonium carbonate, to form a leach liquor which contains ammonia complexes of copper sulfate and copper carbonate; the leach liquor is heated to form gaseous ammonia and carbon dioxide; the leach liquor is treated with a strongly alkaline ...

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Ammonia has already been established as an effective complexing agent for transition metals such as copper, nickel, cobalt, silver, and platinum. It has a number of inherent advantages as a ligand due to its low cost, low toxicity, low corrosivity, easy regeneration due to its low vapor pressure and above all good complexing ability.

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copper scrap leaching ammonia - BINQ Mining. Copper Leaching Behavior from Waste Printed Circuit Board … removal of copper from ferrous scrap by an ammonia leaching,4) In these studies, Cu(I) ions were » More detailed Recovery of copper and zinc from low …

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Abstract: Ammonia leaching research is carried out on a certain oxidised copper ores. The effects of oxidized copper ores which came from Yunnan Province were studied in laboratory in order to find out the optimum leaching conditions under normal temperature and pressure.

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AMMONIA LEACHING Abstract-of the Disclosure An improved process for obtaining copper from a copper sulfide, in which: the copper sulfide is treated with oxygen and an aqueous leaching solution of ammonium carbonate, to form a leach liquor which contains ammonia complexes of copper sulfate and copper carbonate; the leach liquor is heated to form gaseous ammonia and carbon dioxide; the leach ...

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